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An introduction to the Canadian Coast Guard

The Canadian Coast Guard is a federal agency, which is responsible for maritime search and rescue (SAR) in Canada. The Coast Guard is also responsible for looking after navigation aids, organising marine pollution response, marine radio services and ice breaking activities. To learn more about the Canadian Coast Guard, you can read this article.

Overview of the Canadian Coast Guard

The modern coastguard, the coastguard of Canada (CCG.), was founded in 1962. In 1965, the Canadian Coast Guard College (CCGC) was opened on Cape Breton Island. By 1981, a new extension to the College was opened beside it in the community of Westmount.
Role of the Coast Guard
The Canadian coast guard has the following responsibilities: • To protect the marine environment. • To support economic growth. • To ensure public water safety. • To ensure Canada’s sovereignty and security by establishing a strong federal presence in Canadian waters. In 2005, the coast guard was designated as a Special Operating Agency of Fisheries and Oceans Canada (DFO). The Canadian coast guard assists the DFO in insuring the safety of Canadian waters. In effect, this means that while the Canadian coast guard belongs to the Department of Fisheries and Oceans, it maintains a great degree of autonomy in its daily activities. The fleet
There are 116 vessels in the coast guard, and they help with the following activities: • CCG aids to navigation. • Ice breaking. • Environmental response. • Search and rescue.

Programs and services

Aids to navigation This involves the management of public fixed aids, such as light-houses and flexible aids, such as life-buoys. It also includes private aids, which involve providing, training and advice to organisations. Finally, it also entails distributing safety information to mariners. Environmental response
The CCG attempts to minimise environmental, economic and public safety impacts on marine incidents and pollution. It also endeavours to provide humanitarian aid in the case of natural or man-made disasters. Ice-breaking The CCG co-ordinates this service in partnership with Environment Canada’s Canadian Ice Service. It primarily involves ice-breaking activities, combined with an information service, advising the marine industry as to the locations and movements of dangerous ice. Marine communications and traffic systems
The CCG provides a Marine Communications and Traffic Services (MCTS) program, in order to regulate traffic movements, and provide a rapid response in cases of distress. Search and rescue The search and rescue program (SAR), endeavours to provide quick response in case of people, ships or crafts which are believed in to be in imminent danger.
Water-ways management
The CCG operates a water-ways management program, whose aims is to provide safe and efficient navigation. It also aims to support protection of the environment and facilitation of trade and commerce in Canadian water-ways.

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