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What does glucose in the urine mean?

Glucose in the urine could mean several things. Normally, the glucose in the urine is reabsorbed by the kidneys as this is part of their function. If there is excess glucose, then this will affect your sugar levels. Elevated sugar levels may mean pre-diabetes and more tests will need to be done. Read more about glucose in the urine and what do you need to do.

Diabetic test

If you are diagnosed with glucose in the urine, your doctor may want to order a diabetic test. This diabetic test is called a fasting blood sugar test or a blood glucose test. You will need to fast for at least 12 hours prior to the blood test. You will go to the laboratory and have your blood work done. Make sure that you do not have water to drink prior to having the test done. Take a few dates with you to eat immediately after the test so that you can feel better immediately. The results can be achieved in an hour or so at most laboratories, and you will then know how dangerous your levels are. Glucose in the urine could also indicate a water infection and might not necessarily be diabetes. A normal blood sugar level should be from 70 to 99 mg/dl. Although levels of 100 to 125 mg/dl are higher than normal, they are not considered dangerous. This level range is called pre-diabetes. Shortly after eating, your levels will be elevated and that is why fasting is necessary to get an accurate test.

Pre-diabetes and what can you do

If you have been tested positive for a high sugar level in your blood, your doctor may want you to be retested. Retesting is done to eliminate error and possibly a wrong diagnosis. If you have a second test and the results are the same, then you may have pre-diabetes. Most people will have pre-diabetes before diabetes occurs. It is imperative to keep your diet in check if your fasting blood sugar test reveals that you are in this range. Anything higher than 125 mg/dl is not pre-diabetes, but more likely to be diabetes type II.

Treatment for high blood sugar

The best treatment for high blood sugar is diet. If your levels are extremely high, your doctor may prescribe medication to get your levels down. Type II diabetes does not need insulin and you can recover by adjusting your diet and medication only. Many foods contain sugar, so look for a low carbohydrate diet and foods in the low glycaemic range. Limit your fruits as most fruits has sugar. New research has shown that tea made from fig leaves is beneficial in reducing glucose sugar levels. Sources: Diabetes.co.uk

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