Not yet registered? Create a OverBlog!

Create my blog

What is a first degree heart block?

Diseases related to heart have become quite common today, heart block is one such serious concern that needs to be treated well. This article explains what is heart block and discusses about the first degree heart block.

What is first degree heart block

Heart block is the diseased state of heart, when the electrical signals that control a person's heartbeat are either slowed down or blocked while travelling through their heart. This can hamper the normal functioning of heart and lead to several complications. Stages of heart block It is classified into three stages: - The first degree heart block,
- The second degree heart block, and
- The third degree heart block. The first degree heart block is quite common and less severe, while the third degree heart block is most dangerous and can lead to complete heart block. It is also termed as first degree AV block, since the atrioventricular(AV) electrical conduction system of the heart is affected.

Why does it happen?

Heart block can be congenital or acquired, mainly because of old age or some kind of heart disease. There are many factors that lead to atrioventricular block. - In case of congenital heart block, it happens when the baby grows inside a pregnant mother having auto-immune diseases, developing unwanted proteins to damage the tissues and cells of the baby's heart. Congenital heart block is closely related to genetic mutations. - Damage caused to the heart because of various diseases like inflammation of heart muscles, stroke or failure. - Effects of other serious diseases like degenerative muscle disorders, rheumatic fever and sarcoidosis. - Some kinds of surgeries damage the heart's electrical conduction system, leading to heart block. Moreover, exposure to few toxic chemicals and drugs can cause atrioventricular heart blockage.

Symptoms, diagnosis and treatment

The common symptoms of first degree heart block are feeling of dizziness and light-headedness, accompanied by chest pain, breathlessness, palpitations(abnormal heartbeat), fainting and seizures caused because of lack of oxygen supply to the brain. In the first degree heart block, the diseased atrioventricular node conducts the electrical activity more slowly than normal. This can be diagnosed with an ECG, seen as a PR(atrial-ventricular depolarization) interval greater than 200 ms in length, where your heart beat falls to less than 40 beats per minute. The first-degree heart block is not severe, and can be healed by taking necessary measures, to improve your health state and/or reviewing the medicinal treatment that you are already taking. However, you must make sure that it does not grow and lead to second degree heart block and third degree heart block, which can endanger your life. So, do not hesitate to consult your doctor, whenever you experience any related symptoms.

Same category articles Illness & diseases

What is the treatment for congestive cardiac failure?

What is the treatment for congestive cardiac failure?

Congestive Cardiac Failure (CCF) is a disease which impairs the heart's ability to pump oxygen-rich blood to the tissues of the body. The syndrome can be caused by hypertension, heart attack, diabetes and coronary artery disease. Knowing the risks and symptoms of congestive heart failure can prolong and enhance the quality of life for people who obtain early treatment.
What are the dangers of syringing your ears?

What are the dangers of syringing your ears?

When there is a buildup of earwax located in the ears, you may need to have earwax removal to remove the earwax buildup. This is sometimes done at your local health centre through a practice nurse who is experienced in using ear syringes to get rid of excess ear wax. However, it is important to understand the dangers associated with syringing your ears.
Benefits and drawbacks of using a home remedy for constipation

Benefits and drawbacks of using a home remedy for constipation

Constipation happens when you are unable to pass stools comfortably or with great difficulty. The stools may be hard and compacted and will cause a great deal of discomfort. Constipation may be a sign of major health problems, not just inability to go to the bathroom easily. Continual constipation problems should be checked by your physician.
How to learn basic first aid?

How to learn basic first aid?

Learning what to do in an emergency can help to save a life. Learning basic first aid can be done in a variety of different settings. However, it does not matter so much as where you learn emergency aid, what matters is what you do when you learn it. In addition to learning basic first aid training, taking CPR courses can also be important as a first aider.