By continuing your visit to this site, you accept the use of cookies. They ensure the proper functioning of our services and display relevant ads. Learn more about cookies and act

Not yet registered? Create a OverBlog!

Create my blog

What is primary peritoneal cancer?

The thin membrane lining the inner wall of the abdomen that covers all its contents is the peritoneum, and this can be affected by malignancy or cancer that is very similar to ovarian cancer. Learn more about primary peritoneal cancer which affects mostly women, its causes, symptoms, diagnosis and treatments in the following article.

Primary peritoneal cancer

Peritoneal carcinoma is a rare disease that affects the inner abdominal lining membrane, which is the sac that envelops the internal organs in the abdomen. It is more common in older women, and is very much similar to ovarian cancer. Occurrence Ovarian cancer commonly spreads from the ovaries to the peritoneum. Therefore, primary peritoneal cancer can only be diagnosed in women when ovarian cancer has been excluded. Peritoneal cancer can occur in any part of the abdomen, mostly on surfaces of organs like the stomach or intestine that are covered by the peritoneal membranes.

Causes

Like many types of cancer, the cause of this rare disease is unknown. There are theories that say it comes from ovarian tissue implants left in the abdomen during fetal development. Others think that the peritoneum undergoes changes that make it more like the ovaries. The cancer has also been associated with an inherited faulty gene linked to breast cancer in the family.

Symptoms

Symptoms often come in the late stages of the disease when the fluid accumulates in the abdomen producing one of the following: -Abdominal discomfort
-Pain nausea
-Diarrhoea
-Constipation
-Frequent urination
-Loss of appetite
-Unexplained weight loss or gain
-Abnormal vaginal bleeding

Diagnosis and treatment

To diagnose primary peritoneal cancer, the physician will take a complete medical history and physical examination. Several tests may be done to eliminate other possible causes of cancer like ovarian cancer. Laboratory work-up may include the following: -CT scan
-Lower GI series or barium enema
-Ultrasound
-MRI
-Abdominal fluid aspiration
-Biopsies After identifying the malignancy, cancer staging is done to determine its extent and suitable treatments. Treatments Depending on the size, stage of the disease, your age and general health conditions, treatments may vary and may be used alone or in combination. Surgery Surgery helps with diagnosis, staging and also removes the tumours. The gynaecologic oncologist may also remove the ovaries, fallopian tubes, uterus and other involved tissue and organs. Chemotherapy Chemotherapy| is the use of anti-cancer drugs to destroy cancer cells by disrupting the growth and division of cancer cells. It is often given if it is not possible to remove the entire tumour, or if there is a risk that some cancer may have been left behind. Radiotherapy By using high-energy rays to destroy cancer cells, radiotherapy is occasionally used to treat individual areas of cancer if it comes back after surgery and chemotherapy.

Same category articles Illness & diseases

What is a first degree heart block?

What is a first degree heart block?

Diseases related to heart have become quite common today, heart block is one such serious concern that needs to be treated well. This article explains what is heart block and discusses about the first degree heart block.
What is hepatitis?

What is hepatitis?

The elements discussed within this article will foster a clear understanding of what hepatitis really is. This piece explores a definition of hepatitis, the role of the liver, strains of the disease, risk factors for catching it, and its general symptoms.
All about aortic aneurysm repair

All about aortic aneurysm repair

Caused by a vulnerability in the blood vessel wall, an aneurysm is a bulge that expands over the size of about one inch (or between 2 and 3cm) as the pressure of flowing blood pushes against it. Nobody is sure exactly what leads to an aneurysm but genetic predisposition, smoking and hypertension have all been blamed. As the bulge grows, it risks bursting and this can be fatal as it causes massive internal bleeding and needs immediate medical attention.