By continuing your visit to this site, you accept the use of cookies. They ensure the proper functioning of our services, analytics tools and display of relevant ads. Learn more about cookies and control them

Not yet registered? Create a OverBlog!

Create my blog

What is the treatment for congestive cardiac failure?

Congestive Cardiac Failure (CCF) is a disease which impairs the heart's ability to pump oxygen-rich blood to the tissues of the body. The syndrome can be caused by hypertension, heart attack, diabetes and coronary artery disease. Knowing the risks and symptoms of congestive heart failure can prolong and enhance the quality of life for people who obtain early treatment.

Congestive heart disease symptoms and risk factors

Symptoms of congestive heart failure (CHF) include, malaise, breathlessness upon exertion, reduced appetite, wheezing, excessive fluid in the ankles, legs, feet, stomach or lungs (pulmonary oedema), as well as tightness and pain in the chest (angina). Pink-tinged sputum is a dangerous sign of fluid on the lungs. According to the British Heart Foundation, there are approximately "27,000 new cases of congestive heart failure in the UK every year." Risk factors for CHF include obesity, heart attack, drug and alcohol abuse, high blood pressure, enlarged heart ventricles, and inflammation of the heart muscle, known as myocarditis.

Diagnosis and treatment

A general practitioner will perform a complete physical examination and will order blood tests, medical imaging and X-rays to diagnose heart failure. An echocardiogram is one of the best methods for diagnosing the disease. It is a device which uses sound waves to measure how well the heart is pumping. With each heartbeat, the left ventricle contracts and forcibly pumps blood into the aorta. A measurement of the percentage of pumped blood is called the "ejection fraction". The physician will the examine ejection fraction and other test results to determine the stages of congestive heart failure based upon New York Heart Association Guidelines. The NYHA classification measures the four stages of heart failure, beginning with the mildest stage, up to end-stage heart disease. The health care provider may recommend lifestyle changes to his patient, including a reduction in fat and sodium intake, moderate exercise and weight loss. Digitalis, beta blockers, antagonists, diuretics and other heart medication may be prescribed. Depending upon the underlying reason for congestive heart failure, surgery may be needed to repair or replace damaged heart valves. Heart bypass surgery may be necessary to reverse any obstruction or narrowing of the coronary arteries. Implant devices or pacemakers may be warranted for certain types of abnormal heart rhythm. Patients with end-stage heart disease may require a heart transplant. Heart failure is more of a syndrome than a specific disease. Disease processes caused by improper diet, obesity, high cholesterol, diabetes or congenital heart defects can come together to form "the perfect storm" known as CCF - a weak and enlarged heart muscle which is incapable of supplying enough blood and oxygen needed to keep the body healthy. The best cure, as always, is early prevention and education.

Same category articles Illness & diseases

The causes of pain in the heel of your foot

The causes of pain in the heel of your foot

Pain in the heel of the foot can come about suddenly and cause real misery when walking. Heel pain may be caused by an inflamed tendon, bursitis, a bone spur, or plantar fasciitis. It can also be caused by injury or rheumatoid arthritis. Pinpointing the source of heel pain helps to find relief. Common sources of heel pain are repetitive stress caused by over-exercising or wearing shoes without adequate support. Heel pain can often be improved by taking preventive measures.
What is Turner's syndrome?

What is Turner's syndrome?

Turner syndrome can prove a debilitating illness for most patients. It may be the source of their heart and kidney anomalies, and even infertility. This disease is a very fascinating one, in the sense that it arises from origins that are invisible to the naked eye.
How to treat gall bladder cancer

How to treat gall bladder cancer

The gall bladder is a small organ that is concealed by the liver and performs non-essential tasks such as fat digestion and concentrating bile produced by the liver. However, even though the body can, if required, cope without it, this organ is susceptible to gall bladder cancer, particularly in women, and can be notoriously difficult to treat if found too late. Unfortunately, symptoms of gall bladder cancer (also known as gallbladder or biliary cancer) usually appear only late in the disease and even then can be mistaken for more common ailments.
Where to buy diabetes test strips

Where to buy diabetes test strips

In UK alone, it is estimated that there are around two million of people who have diabetes, but 750000 people who have diabetes have not yet been diagnosed. If left untreated, diabetes can lead to complications that include kidney and heart problems. In order to check your blood monitor, you can purchase glucose strips to determine what your glucose meter is.