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A guide to a septic system

Septic systems are commonly used at residences or businesses outside of most cities where the public sewer systems are not available. If you are planning to move to a new home that lies in a rural area, then you will probably need to have one installed. To learn all about septic systems read the guide below.

Owners responsibilities

Learning how it works Understanding how your septic tank or sewage system works and how to maintain it correctly is the best way to ensure it functions with little or no problems. With correct maintenance a system can be expected to last around 30 years. Maintaining your wastewater treatment plant It is the homeowners responsibility to ensure that it works correctly and this can not only save you a lot of money, it is also vital to the health of your family and local community. Groundwater pollution can cause contamination to the local water supply and could cause severe illness.

The system explained

Two parts to each system Although there are many different types of septic system they all work in roughly the same way, they comprise of a septic tank and a drain field, this can sometimes also be referred to as the leach field. Septic tank All the waste first flows into the septic tank where it becomes separated into sludge and scum. The heavy solids sink to the bottom and become the sludge, lighter products such as oil float to the surface where it is known as scum. Bacteria naturally occurring within the tank breakdown each of these elements over time. The water layer is pushed out of the tank into the drain field. Drain field This consists of a series of pipes that are perforated which the wastewater flows onto a layer of gravel and soil where it is absorbed naturally and filtered. It is important to ensure these pipes remain free of clogs to prevent flooding in both your garden and home. Regular inspections and pumping Only use professional septic system specialists when inspections are required. Over time your system will need pumping to remove a build-up of sludge and scum. This is necessary to keep the pipes free of clogs and prevent the flooding of your home. Inspections will also determine if any additional maintenance is required. Tips Know the location of your tank and have it pumped regularly. Conserve water to prevent the flooding of your tanks. Never drive a vehicle across the top as this could damage the system.

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