By continuing your visit to this site, you accept the use of cookies. They ensure the proper functioning of our services, analytics tools and display of relevant ads. Learn more about cookies and control them

Not yet registered? Create a OverBlog!

Create my blog

How did Christmas start?

Christmas is one of the major Christian holiday festivals, established according to a church doctrine in honour of Jesus Christ's birth. In some countries, it is celebrated on the 25th of December (so-called Gregorian calendar), in others it is celebrated 7th January (Julian calendar). This article makes a round of the origins of Christmas and ways of celebrating it.


Pagan cult
The origins of the holiday were likely in the pagan cult of "dying and reviving” gods. This cult was widespread among agricultural peoples, who thereby celebrated annual "birth" of the god-savior, who awakened nature to a new life. Earlier celebration periods
This holiday was also timed to the winter solstice (December 21-25). Early Christianity didn’t have Christmas holiday. Even in the 2nd century, Christians celebrated only the January holiday - Epiphany. Replacing Mitra
Since the middle of the fourth century, the Christian church, which wanted to oust the cult of Mitra (god of the Indo-Iranian origin, connected with friendliness, agreement, and sunlight), turned the "birth of the invincible sun god" celebration being conducted on December 25 into a Christmas celebration. Pioneers of Christmas celebration
The members of Rome's Christian communities were the first to celebrate Christmas. The earliest mention of this festival belongs to the year 354. Christmas was legalized as an official church holiday in 431 at Ephesus Council.

Xmas trees

The tradition to cut a conifer and decorate it for Christmas with tree candles, garlands, sweets and glass toys emerged in the early 16th century. The first Christmas tree was set up in Riga in 1510. Researchers also found the oldest Christmas toy in the world belonging to that period. It was in 1895 that American engineer Ralph Morris made the first Christmas tree garland composed of tiny light bulbs.

Christmas around the world

Traditionally, since 1946, a twenty-meter-high Christmas tree is set up in Trafalgar Square on the eve of the holiday. This tree is always sent to Great Britain from the Norway royal family in recognition of the country’s liberation from German occupation by British troops during the Second World War. \
In Rome, a Christmas tree is set up on St. Peter's Square. According to the established custom, each year, one of the European states makes a present of a tree to Vatican. This tradition was introduced by Pope John Paul II in 1982. New York
In New York, a Christmas tree is mounted in front of the Rockefeller Center since 1931. Its garlands are made of 30,000 light bulbs. At the top of the tree there usually is a huge star sparkling with Swarovski crystals.

Same category articles History

John Bercow: biography

John Bercow: biography

John Bercow MP is a prominent faces in British politics. He has been an encumbent Speaker of the House of Commons since June 2009, as well as a Member of Parliament since the 1997. This article outlines Bercow's pre-Political career and his achievements since entering Westminster, showing how he has become a notable public figure.
In Wiccan Lore, what is the rule of three?

In Wiccan Lore, what is the rule of three?

The Wiccan rule of three is a teaching that your actions return to you threefold, particulary if they are magical actions. It is not a belief universally agreed among Wiccans, as it is not specifically stated in the Wiccan Rede. There are various interpretations of this rule, some of which see it as a kind of karma. This article provides you with an overview of the Wiccan rule of three.
A history of The Battle of Algiers

A history of The Battle of Algiers

The Battle of Algiers was a conflict between Algerian rebels determined to free Algeria of French rule and the French rulers, though it was complicated by clashes within the Algerians themselves. French counter-insurgency forces used retaliatory tactics against the Algerians, including torture. This stimulated Algerian response all the more, and in the end, French rule ended after a referendum. Learn more about the history of The Battle of Algiers.