A solar electric fence emits a low charge and is ideal for controlling/containing domesticated animals such as horses and goats. Since this type of fence gets its power from the sun, it virtually costs nothing to run one. A solar powered electric fence is also easy to install, requiring just a few tools and materials.
Fence type, post and wire installation
Fence type The choice of solar electric fence type that you would install will depend on what you would be using a fence for. If the fence will be installed permanently, then it would need to be amply bedded. On the other hand, if you are going to use it to fence in horses, then you would need one which is taller than farm fences used for containing smaller animals. Installing the posts Dig out a hole for either a corner post or an end using a post hole digger. Make a hole which is around two feet deep, then place the post inside. Fill in the hole using dry cement. Next, use props and a level to make sure that the post is even in all angles and then allow it to set. Run a thread from one post up to the next corner and install a new post utilising the same technique. The thread will serve as reference for the other fence posts. All the posts should be set at least overnight to allow the cement to harden and to stabilise the fence. If you can allow the posts to set for 48 hours or more, the better the results would be. Wire installation Run the wire starting from the corner post to the other posts, utilising tensioners and insulators to keep it stable and firm.
Charging unit installtion and initial charge
Charging unit installation The next step is to install the fence's charging unit. First, dig a post hole close to one corner of the fence, but which is located outside the borders of the perimeter. The unit should be placed south and in an area where it can receive the maximum amount of sunlight possible. Place your post in the same way that you did with the other fence posts and give it time to fully set. Next, place the charging unit on the top of the post. You will then need to create a ground bed. Dig a small, shallow trench along the post then insert the ground rods for your fence. Link the ground rods to the negative lead from the solar charger and the positive lead to the fence's wire. Initial charge Chargers typically have to be exposed to sunlight for at least 24 hours to fully charge.